Dei'ah veDibur - Information & Insight

A Window into the Chareidi World

17 Cheshvan 5761 - November 15, 2000 | Mordecai Plaut, director Published Weekly








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Shema Yisrael Torah Network











Otzar Beis Din of Shearis Yisroel Set Up
by B. Rabinowitz

HaRav Tzvi Weber, HaRav Tzvi Friedman and HaRav Eliezer Halevi Dunner of the BaDaTz of Shearis Yisroel met recently to deal with all issues of the shmitta year. In conjunction with this, an Otzar Beis Din for shmitta was set up on 4 Tishrei.

The founding charter of the Otzar Beis Din states: 27 Elul, the eve of the shmitta year, we, the undersigned, have assembled in order to form a beis din for shmitta issues and to establish the Otzar Beis Din for shmitta fruits and vegetables for the community's needs. [Sources from Chazal, the rishonim and acharonim about the issue of Otzar Beis Din are cited.] . . . Halachic guidelines regarding work permissible in the shmitta year will be conveyed to the deputy of the beis din."

The beis din was established with the approval of the Gavad, HaRav Chaim Shaul Karelitz. The charter is signed by the members of the BaDaTz: HaRav Tzvi Weber, HaRav Tzvi Friedman and HaRav Eliezer Halevi Dunner.

The members of the BaDaTz had met with HaRav Yosef Sholom Eliashiv the previous week to discuss all questions regarding the deputies and the Otzar Beis Din. Upon publication of the provision regarding the actual practice of making a pruzbol, seen by HaRav Eliashiv, many avreichim and bnei Torah came to the homes of members of the BaDaTz and to the Shearis Yisroel kashrus network office in order to make a writ of pruzbol.

The rabbonim held a lengthy meeting with the suppliers of fruit and vegetables to the bnei Torah community, explaining the weightiness of their responsibly to abide by all the laws of shmitta, as well as the meaning of the agreement between the suppliers and the beis din.

At the end of the meeting, the rabbonim said that they were pleased with preparations made by the suppliers, who promised to meet all requirements, especially regarding the instructions of the kashrus supervision network. They also promised to provide a steady supply of fruits and vegetables to the sector which follows the guidelines of the Chazon Ish regarding shmitta.

A letter by HaRav Yitzchok Shlomo Carlebach of the Tifrach settlement in the Negev was published at the end of last year. The letter says that HaRav Chaim Kanievsky told him: "You can publicize this in my name: `The shmitta committee of Shearis Yisroel makes great efforts to strengthen religion and to execute all of the guidelines of the Chazon Ish with all of its hiddurim and dikdukim, and everything is directed and guided by Maran HaGaon HaRav Yosef Sholom Eliashiv.'"

All logistical preparations for the supervision, inspection and marketing of agricultural produce to all chareidi centers throughout the country were completed before the end of the year. All stores which will operate within the framework of the Shearis Yisroel Shmitta Committee have been granted kashrus certificates stating that all fruits and vegetables in such stores are under the supervision of the BaDaTz of Shearis Yisroel.

All fruits and vegetables supplied to the consumers will contain one of the following designations: A)Produce that has kedushas shevi'is including fruits of non-Jews or of the Otzar Beis Din; B) Produce that has no kedushas shevi'is including produce imported from abroad and produce of the sixth year.

Weighing and packing proceeds as usual for those who have signed the shtar shlichus. They will be able to pay for the produce in cash. Consumers who have not signed the shtar shlichus will be able to buy produce, but will not be allowed to pay in cash nor to weigh the produce.

The kashrus network of Shearis Yisroel notes that in the event of shortages, preference will be given to those who have signed a shtar shlichus in advance.

In order to clarify the issue of the shtar shlichus according to the Chazon Ish's method, the kashrus network has published a special pamphlet detailing this important issue. It explains how fruits and vegetables can be supplied without any issurim due to shmitta even according to the approach of the Chazon Ish that the produce of non-Jews in Eretz Yisroel has kedushas Shevi'is. The shtar shlichus was approved by all the gedolei haTorah and gedolei haposkim.


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